Differences between AS9100 vs ISO 9001 in aerospace industry standards
The aerospace industry is governed by two important standards:
The AS9100, and
The ISO 9001, on which the AS9100 is based.
The AS9100 was developed because the ISO 9001 was a rather generic set of standards that was not sufficient to cover and address all of the aspects needed for this industry. It did not fulfil the purpose of ensuring acceptable safety of materials and manufactured goods were sufficiently suited for their aerospace applications. So, at their core, the differences between the AS9100 vs ISO 9001 have to be understood as one being an extension of the other, rather than being something that is totally different. In adapting this pairing approach rather than treating differences between the AS9100 and ISO 9001; organizations can strengthen, unify and streamline the many disjointed QMS systems.
The actual differences between AS9100 and ISO 9001 lie in what provisions need to be updated and improved, which we will examine later.
The AS9100 is based on ISO 9001 to the extent that it retains the entire set of ISO 9001 standard requirements and just includes additional requirements and notes in bold and italics through the length and the breadth of the document. This makes it possible for aerospace organizations to implement an ISO 9001-compliant quality management system, so long as it implements the requirements that are particular to the industry.
Differences in terms of updates and improvements:
At a semantic level, one difference between AS9100 and ISO 9001 is that the ISO 9001 is a general, international standard for implementing a quality management system, which is maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). On the other hand, the AS9100 is meant exclusively for the aerospace industry, which the Aerospace division of SAE International and the International Aerospace Quality Group (IACG) maintains.
Now the other differences between AS9100 and ISO 9001: Although the AS9100 is not divorced from the ISO 9001, but is parallel to it; it differs in terms of implementing updates and improvements. The two differ in these areas:
The requirements for planning for product realization
Design and development area of the standard
Requirements for purchasing and purchased products
The production and service provision section
Specific product preservation methods
Required actions for a non-conforming process, as well as the exact requirements on what has to go into product measurement monitoring.